United States to support peaceful solution of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

The United States will remain committed to the peaceful settlement on the conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, the U.S. President's National Security Adviser John Bolton said at a press conference in Baku Oct. 24.

Bolton said the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict would help establish peace in the region, as well as in the world.

“I have come here to get familiarised with the issue in detail. The settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict will affect the establishment of peace in the region, as well as in the world. From a strategic point of view, it is important for the U.S. as well," Radio Free Europe Radio/Liberty website published footage of Bolton as saying.

On Oct. 24, Bolton flew to Azerbaijan from Moscow, where he had held two talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin and other high-level officials.  The U.S. national security adviser is paying regional visits to Azerbaijan, Russia, Armenia, and Georgia.

The conflict between the two South Caucasus countries began in 1988 when Armenia made territorial claims against Azerbaijan. As a result of the ensuing war, in 1992 Armenian armed forces occupied 20 percent of Azerbaijan, including the Nagorno-Karabakh region which is populated mainly by ethnic Armenians, and seven other surrounding districts, according to Azeri media reports.

Peace negotiations followed the 1994 ceasefire agreement. Armenia has not yet implemented four UN Security Council resolutions on withdrawal of its armed forces from the Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding districts.

Minsk Group of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, an international mediator, helped forge a cease-fire in the region but failed to set a long-lasting peace settlement to the conflict. 

Turkey also supports the resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said on Sept. 3 when addressing the 6th summit of the Cooperation Council of the Turkic-Speaking States in Kyrgyzstan.

The Turkish leader also said that the solution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict should be found within the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan, adding Turkey would support Azerbaijan in all spheres.